Quite often I hear the opinion of people that any contract in Germany is valid only if it was concluded in writing. In fact, this opinion is wrong.

     In general, contracts in Germany are legally binding even if they are concluded orally. In everyday life, we often conclude contracts of sale without comprehending it. A typical example of this is a bakery trip. The buyer comes to the seller, gives money for a bun. In response, the seller accepts the money and gives the bun to the buyer. In this example, a sales transaction took place. (more…)

In our century of universal motorization, when in traffic jams sometimes you have to stand longer than drive, traffic accidents are nonetheless not uncommon. Whether the increased nervousness due to chronic ‘nikudaneuspevaniya’, or reckless, in spite of the congestion, still trying to slip. (more…)